Snus is a tobacco product that has harmful health effects and the use of which has increased in Finland, especially among young people.
Snus consists of ground tobacco mixed with water, salt, flavour additives and various preservative and moistening agents. In addition, snus contains nitrosamines that are characteristic of tobacco, PAHs, heavy metals and residues of pesticides used in cultivation.
A person using snus often receives a higher dose of nicotine than a smoker. Regular use of snus creates a strong addiction.
Snus is usually used between the upper lip and the gum either as sachets or as loose snus. Sweden is the only EU Member State allowed to sell snus. In Finland, buying snus is a criminal offence. The possession of snus is prohibited for all under 18 years of age. If young people have snus, it is always acquired illegally.
A lot of high-nicotine snus is imported into Finland. In illegal street trade, it easily becomes accessible to minors. Young people who are growing up are particularly vulnerable to the addictive effects of nicotine as the brain continues to develop until well over the age of 20.
According to the School Health Promotion study, in 2019, 20.3 per cent of boys and 6.5 per cent of girls studying in vocational institutions used snus daily. Among the students in the 8th and 9th grades of comprehensive school, 7.6 per cent of boys and 2.4 per cent of girls used snus daily. When compared to the results of the 2017 study, the use of snus has increased especially among students in vocational institutions.
According to the Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey 2019, 86 per cent of young people who have used snus have received or bought it from their friends, 9 per cent through social media, 3 per cent in a kiosk or a shop and 6 per cent from street trade. Snus is also acquired when travelling to Sweden.
According to the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, the use of snus causes many health problems. Snus is particularly harmful to oral health. Abundant use of snus may also increase the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers. In addition, snus exposes the foetus to harmful health effects and nicotine appears also in breast milk.
In Finland, the advertising of tobacco products has been prohibited since 1978 but the ban is circumvented with surreptitious advertising. Especially young people are lured to using snus with flavour additives, beautiful packaging and easy-to-use sachets. As beautiful boxes make the product appear less harmless than regular snus boxes, snus packaging should be standardised.